What are micronutrients? Vitamins and minerals

What are micronutrients? Vitamins and minerals

What are micronutrients?

Hey guys, hope you are getting all happiness in life. After macronutrients series, I came up with another series of micronutrients series. In this series, I ‘ll explain what are micronutrients, what is the importance of micronutrients and why it is underrated.Micronutrient mainly stands for vitamins and minerals.


For proper functioning of the body and its organs, nutrients need those nutrients are macronutrients and micronutrients. I already explained in details about macronutrients. If you have not read that yet go ahead and read that.
So as explained in macronutrients series macro stands for big and micro stands for small. So here come with the definition of micronutrients that is the necessary nutrients required by our body in smaller quantity are called micronutrients.

How micronutrients are different from macronutrients

Micronutrients and macronutrients both are the essential nutrients for our body but micronutrients requirement quantity is very low.Like 15 mg ,30 mg etc.

What are the types of micronutrients?


– Vitamin B1 (THIAMIN )
– Vitamin B2 (RIBOFLAVIN)
– Vitamin B3 ( NIACIN)
– Vitamin B6 ( PYRIDOXINE, Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate Pyridoxamine)
– Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
– Vitamin B9 (Folate)
– Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
– Choline
• Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
• Vitamin k
– Vitamin K1 ((phylloquinone)
– Vitamin K2 ((menaquinone)

Types of Minerals

These again classified into two types microminerals also called trace minerals which body needs in very low quantity say less than 100 mg

Microminerals or trace minerals

– Iron
– chromium
– Copper
– Zinc
– Iodine
– manganese
– Selenium
– Boron
– Cobalt
– Molybdenum

Macrominerals are those minerals which we want in the higher quantity


– Calcium
– Chlorine
– Magnesium
– Phosphorus
– Potassium
– Sodium
These are the list of total vitamins and minerals.
It is one of the broad topics where lots of articles are upcoming on this series.

Essential micronutrients

There are total 30 micronutrients which body can’t able to produce itself and those need to be fulfilled by food or supplementation.

The requirement of micronutrients for the body is very low. Still, the majority of people have vitamin and mineral deficiency. The reason behind this is our day to day life food does not contain these and people don’t care about vitamins and minerals until unless some doctor or medical professional people didn’t prescribe it.

The problem of people is only that they only care for their health only if they start suffering from disease and doctor tell them to take care of health.

My question to you is why not before getting the disease you start taking care of health. So, We are here to help you by providing proper knowledge about health fitness and beauty. So that you read and learn a lot and be aware of the things that no one will tell you. I already mentioned the list of all vitamins and minerals.

In upcoming articles of this series, I’ll discuss in detail about important vitamins and minerals in details. This was just intro of micronutrients. Thank you for reading this article. Stay tuned to learn more and be healthy.

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